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Peripheral Artery Disease Specialist

Cardiovascular Institute of America

Cardiovascular Disease Specialist & Vein Specialist located in Citrus Park, Tampa, FL & Tampa, FL

Peripheral artery disease is a progressive condition that often develops without causing symptoms and may increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. At Cardiovascular Institute of America, the cardiovascular disease specialists, led by Muthu Velusamy, MD, FACC, ABVM, utilize advanced diagnostic tools and techniques to diagnose and treat peripheral arterial disease. To schedule an appointment at the Tampa or Lutz, Florida, office, call, or request one using the online booking feature today.

Peripheral Artery Disease Q&A

What is peripheral artery disease?

Peripheral artery disease, also referred to as peripheral artery disease, is a condition characterized by narrowing of the peripheral arteries due to a buildup of plaque along the blood vessel walls. The plaque buildup causes the artery to narrow and stiffen, which affects blood flow.

Your peripheral arteries are the arteries that deliver oxygenated blood to your arms and legs. Though peripheral artery disease can affect any of your peripheral arteries, the narrowing is most often occurs in the legs.   

What are common symptoms of peripheral artery disease? 

You may not experience any symptoms to indicate you have peripheral artery disease. If you do have symptoms, they may be mild, or you may mistake them for something else.

The most common symptom of peripheral artery disease includes muscle pain or cramping in your legs when walking that disappears soon after you stop. This condition is referred to as claudication. 

Other symptoms may include:

  • Cold legs or feet
  • Weakness or numbness in your legs
  • Development of leg or foot sores that don’t heal
  • Loss of leg hair
  • Slow toenail growth

Erectile dysfunction in men may also be a symptom of peripheral artery disease. 

If you’re experiencing these symptoms, contact Cardiovascular Institute of America for an evaluation. 

How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?

The specialists at Cardiovascular Institute of America conduct comprehensive examinations when you come to the office with symptoms that may indicate peripheral artery disease. In addition to a review of your symptoms and a physical exam, the specialists also conduct diagnostic tests to confirm a diagnosis, which may include:

Ankle-brachial index

The ankle-brachial index is a noninvasive test that compares the blood pressure readings in your ankle to your arm.

Arterial ultrasound

The arterial ultrasound uses sound wave technology to generate images of blood flow through your peripheral arteries to identify narrowing or a blockage. 

The team may also request a blood test to measure cholesterol and triglyceride levels and screen for diabetes. 

What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?

The specialists at Cardiovascular Institute of America develop individualized treatment plans for the management of peripheral artery disease. The goal of your treatment is to manage symptoms and prevent progression of the disease. Your treatment plan may include:

  • Nutrition counseling
  • Exercise program
  • Medication to improve blood pressure or lower cholesterol

In some cases, the interventional cardiologists at Cardiovascular Institute of America may suggest a peripheral angioplasty to open and stretch the affected artery to improve blood flow.

If you have concerns about peripheral arterial disease, contact Cardiovascular Institute of America by calling the office or requesting an appointment online.